top of page
neet ug

Here's a brief overview of JEE
(Joint Entrance Examination)
and what it entails:

The Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) is a highly competitive engineering entrance exam conducted in India. It serves as the gateway for admission to various undergraduate engineering programs offered by prestigious institutions across the country, including the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), National Institutes of Technology (NITs), Indian Institutes of Information Technology (IIITs), and other centrally funded technical institutions.

What is JEE?

JEE comprises two main components:

1. JEE Main 

neet ug

Conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA), JEE Main is the first stage of the examination. It is held twice a year in January and April. JEE Main is the qualifying exam for admission to NITs, IIITs, and other centrally funded technical institutions, as well as for eligibility to appear in JEE Advanced.

2. JEE Advanced

neet ug

 Only candidates who qualify for JEE Main are eligible to appear for JEE Advanced. JEE Advanced is conducted by one of the IITs on a rotational basis. It is the second stage of the examination and serves as the entrance exam for admission to the prestigious Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs).

What happens in JEE?

The JEE examination assesses candidates' aptitude in physics, chemistry, and mathematics, which are core subjects in engineering education. The exam is conducted in an online mode (computer-based test) and consists of multiple-choice questions (MCQs) as well as numerical value-based questions.

Key Components of JEE Main:

Paper 1: For admission to B.E./B.Tech Programs

Paper 2: For admission to B.Arch Programs

Paper 3: For admission to B.Planning programs (introduced in 2020)

Key components of JEE Advanced

The examination consists of two papers, Paper 1 and Paper 2, both of which are compulsory.

 Each paper is further divided into three sections: physics, chemistry, and mathematics.

The exam pattern may include multiple-choice questions, numerical answer-type questions, and questions based on comprehension.

Preparation for JEE:

Preparing for JEE requires rigorous study, dedication, and systematic planning. Candidates often begin their preparation well in advance, sometimes as early as their high school years. They focus on building a strong conceptual understanding of the subjects, practicing problem-solving, and taking mock tests to assess their preparation level.

 

Success in JEE opens up opportunities for pursuing undergraduate engineering programs at premier institutions, paving the way for a rewarding career in the field of engineering and technology.

 

In summary, JEE is a nationally recognised entrance exam that plays a crucial role in determining admission to top engineering colleges in India, including the prestigious IITs. It evaluates candidates' proficiency in physics, chemistry, and mathematics and requires thorough preparation to excel in the examination.

Welcome to The Guidance Academy—Your Pathway to IIT JEE Success!

neet ug

At The Guidance Academy, we are committed to empowering students like you to achieve excellence in the highly competitive realm of IIT JEE. Our comprehensive platform offers unparalleled resources, guidance, and support to help you navigate through every aspect of your IIT JEE journey with confidence and clarity.

About IIT JEE

The Indian Institutes of Technology Joint Entrance Examination (IIT JEE) is one of the most prestigious engineering entrance exams in India. Conducted annually, it serves as a gateway for admission to the esteemed Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) and other premier engineering colleges across the country. IIT JEE comprises two phases: JEE Main and JEE Advanced, each presenting its own unique set of challenges and opportunities.

Why choose the Guidance Academy?

neet ug

Expert Guidance

 Our team of experienced faculty members consists of seasoned mentors and subject matter experts who provide personalised guidance tailored to your individual needs.

neet ug

Interactive Learning

Engage in interactive live classes, doubt-clearing sessions, and peer-to-peer discussions facilitated by our dedicated educators, fostering a collaborative learning environment.

neet ug

Holistic Development

 Beyond academics, we focus on nurturing your overall growth by offering holistic development programs encompassing soft skills enhancement, personality development, and career counselling.

neet ug

Comprehensive Study Material

Access a vast repository of meticulously curated study material, including notes, practice questions, and mock tests designed to enhance your conceptual understanding and problem-solving skills.

neet ug

Performance Tracking

Monitor your progress effectively with regular assessments, performance analytics, and personalized feedback to identify strengths, weaknesses, and areas for improvement

Our JEE COACHING BENEFITS

neet ug

IIT JEE Preparation Courses

 Tailored courses designed to cater to the specific requirements of JEE Main and JEE Advanced aspirants, covering all essential topics and exam patterns comprehensively.

neet ug

One-on-One Mentoring

Avail personalized mentoring sessions with our expert faculty members to address your doubts, clarify concepts, and devise a strategic study plan aligned with your goals.

neet ug

Mock Tests and Practice Papers

Access a plethora of mock tests, previous years' question papers, and sample papers to simulate exam-like conditions and evaluate your preparedness effectively.

neet ug

College Application Assistance

Receive guidance and support throughout the college application process, including profile building, essay writing, and interview preparation, to maximize your chances of securing admission to your dream institute.

FOR CLASS XII STUDENTS OR XII PASSING STUDENTS

JEE One-Year Programme

  • 900 HOURS CLASSROOM COACHING DURATION.

  • OFFLINE LIVE CLASSROOM COACHING.

  • ONLINE SESSIONS ALSO AVAILABLE.

  • COMPREHENSIVE STUDY MATERIAL PCB

  • FUNDAMENTALS+ADVANCED CONCEPTS

  • FREQUENT DOUBT CLEARANCE

  • WEEKLY TEST SESSIONS.

  • FREQUENT QUESTION SESSIONS

  • PYQ'S DISSCUSSIONS

  • CBSE CLASS XI + CLASS XII TOPICS

  • NEET FULL SYLLABUS 11TH + 12TH

  • MIND MAPS

  • DPP'S INCLUDED

  • EFFECTIVE NOTE MAKING TECHNIQUES

  • PERIODIC MOTIVATIONAL LECTURES

  • CBSE TEST SERIES INCLUDED

  • NEET TEST SERIES INCLUDED

  • LIBRARY FACILITY

  • AC CLASSROOMS

FOR CLASS XI STD. STUDENTS

  • 1800 HOURS CLASSROOM COACHING DURATION.

  • OFFLINE LIVE CLASSROOM COACHING.

  • ONLINE SESSIONS ALSO AVAILABLE.

  • COMPREHENSIVE STUDY MATERIAL PCB

  • FUNDAMENTALS+ADVANCED CONCEPTS

  • FREQUENT DOUBT CLEARANCE

  • WEEKLY TEST SESSIONS.

  • FREQUENT QUESTION SESSIONS

  • PYQ'S DISSCUSSIONS

  • CBSE CLASS XI + CLASS XII TOPICS

  • NEET FULL SYLLABUS 11TH + 12TH

  • MIND MAPS

  • DPP'S INCLUDED

  • EFFECTIVE NOTE MAKING TECHNIQUES

  • PERIODIC MOTIVATIONAL LECTURES

  • CBSE TEST SERIES INCLUDED

  • NEET TEST SERIES INCLUDED

  • LIBRARY FACILITY

  • AC CLASSROOMS

How To Crack IIT-JEE

neet ug

STEP 1

neet ug
neet ug
concept learning
numerical application

STEP 2

neet ug
neet ug
advanced concept learning
curated assignment

STEP 3

neet ug
neet ug
doubt session
predict test

STEP 4

neet ug
neet ug
DPP's
PYQ's discussion

STEP 5

neet ug
neet ug
Test series
skill development

Get Started Today!

Embark on your journey towards IIT JEE success with The Guidance Academy and unlock your true potential. Join our thriving community of aspirants and experience a transformative learning experience like never before.

Exceptional Results in JEE 2023 Entrance Exams:

neet ug
neet ug

IIT JEE Main Topper 99.67 %
Priyanshu Pal

neet ug

Neet topper 2023 + CBSE XII 95%Anshdeep Singh

 WHY YOU SHOULD CRACK 
IIT JEE MAIN & JEE ADVANCED
EXAMS

1. Prestigious Education Institutions 

Qualifying for the IIT JEE exam opens the doors to admission to prestigious Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), renowned for their quality education, world-class faculty, and excellent infrastructure.

2. Top-notch Academic Environment

IITs offer a highly competitive and intellectually stimulating environment that fosters holistic development, critical thinking, and innovation among students.

3. Wide Range of Career Opportunities:

Graduates from IITs are highly sought after by leading companies, both in India and abroad, across various sectors such as technology, finance, consulting, research, and more.

5. Networking and Alumni Support:

The IIT alumni network is extensive and influential, providing invaluable networking opportunities, mentorship, and support for career advancement and entrepreneurial ventures.

7. Research and Innovation:

IITs are hubs of cutting-edge research and innovation, providing students with opportunities to work on groundbreaking projects, collaborate with leading researchers, and contribute to advancements in science, engineering, and technology.

9. Sense of Achievement:

Successfully cracking the IIT JEE exam instills a sense of pride, accomplishment, and self-confidence, validating the hard work, dedication, and perseverance invested throughout the preparation journey.

4. Global Recognition:

ITs have earned international acclaim for their academic excellence, which enhances the global recognition and employability of graduates on the global stage.

6. Scholarship Opportunities:

Many IITs offer scholarships and financial assistance to deserving students, easing the burden of educational expenses and making quality education accessible to all.

8. Personal Growth and Development:

The rigorous preparation required for IIT JEE fosters discipline, resilience, problem-solving skills, and time management abilities, which are valuable assets in both academic and professional pursuits.

10. Opportunity to Make a Difference: 

Graduates from IITs are not only equipped with technical skills but also with a strong sense of social responsibility, empowering them to contribute meaningfully to society and address pressing global challenges.Overall, preparing for and cracking the IIT JEE exam offers a pathway to a rewarding academic, professional, and personal journey filled with unparalleled opportunities and growth.

FAQ

1. Q: What is JEE?

   A: JEE stands for Joint Entrance Examination. It is a national-level engineering entrance exam in India for admission to various undergraduate engineering programs.

 

2. Q: What are the two main components of JEE?

   A: The two main components of JEE are JEE Main and JEE Advanced.

 

3. Q: Who conducts the JEE Main exam?

   A: The National Testing Agency (NTA) conducts the JEE Main exam.

 

4. Q: Who conducts the JEE Advanced exam?

   A: JEE Advanced is conducted by one of the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) on a rotational basis.

 

5. Q: What are the eligibility criteria for appearing in JEE Main?

   A: Candidates who have passed or are appearing in their 10+2 examination with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics as compulsory subjects are eligible for JEE Main.

 

6. Q: How many attempts are allowed for the JEE Main?

   A: Candidates can attempt JEE Main a maximum of three times in consecutive years.

 

7. Q: What are the eligibility criteria for appearing in JEE Advanced?

   Only candidates who qualify for JEE Main are eligible to appear for JEE Advanced.

 

8. Q: How many attempts are allowed for JEE Advanced?  

   A: Candidates can attempt JEE Advanced a maximum of two times in consecutive years.

 

9. Q: What is the syllabus for JEE Main and JEE Advanced?

   A: The JEE Main and JEE Advanced syllabuses include topics from physics, chemistry, and mathematicsathematics based on the 10+2 curriculum.

 

10. Q: How should I prepare for JEE?

    A: Preparation for JEE requires a thorough understanding of concepts, regular practice, solving previous years' question papers, and taking mock tests.

 

11. Q: What are the application dates for JEE Main?

    A: The application dates for JEE Main are usually announced by the National Testing Agency (NTA) and vary for each session.

 

12. Q: What is the exam pattern for JEE Main? 

    The JEE Main exam pattern includes multiple-choice questions (MCQs) as well as numerical value-based questions in Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics.

 

13. Q: What is the exam pattern for JEE Advanced?

    A: JEE Advanced consists of two papers with questions from Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics, including multiple-choice and numerical answer-type questions.

 

14. Q: How are the ranks calculated in JEE Main?

    A: The ranks in JEE Main are calculated based on the percentile scores obtained by candidates in the exam.

 

15. Q: How are the ranks calculated in JEE Advanced?  

    A: The ranks in JEE Advanced are determined based on the aggregate marks obtained by candidates in both Paper 1 and Paper 2.

 

16. Q: What are the counseling procedures after qualifying for JEE Main?

    A: After qualifying JEE Main, candidates can participate in centralized counselling conducted by JoSAA (Joint Seat Allocation Authority) for admission to NITs, IIITs, and other GFTIs.

 

17. Q: What are the counselling procedures after qualifying for JEE Advanced?  

    A: Counseling for admission to IITs and ISM Dhanbad is conducted separately by JoSAA based on the JEE Advanced ranks.

 

18. Q: Can I get admission to foreign universities through JEE scores?  

    A: Some foreign universities accept JEE scores for admission to undergraduate engineering programs. However, specific requirements vary for each university.

 

19. Q: Are there any scholarships available for JEE-qualified candidates?  

    A: Yes, various scholarships are available for JEE-qualified candidates, including those offered by government organisations, private institutions, and individual colleges.

 

20. Q: How can I stay updated with JEE-related information and announcements?

    A: Candidates can stay updated with JEE-related information by regularly checking the official websites of the NTA, IITs, and other relevant authorities, as well as by subscribing to official notifications and newsletters.

Syllabus for JEE (Main) - 2024 Syllabus for JEE Main Paper 1 (B.E./B.Tech.)- Mathematics, Physics, and Chemistry

PHYSICS

UNIT I: PHYSICS AND MEASUREMENT

Units of measurements. System of Units, , S I Units, fundamental and derived units, least count.significant figures, Errors in measurements , Dimensions of Physics quantities. dimensionalanalysis, and its applications

UNIT 2: KINEMATICS

The frame of reference, is motion in a straight line. Position- time graph. speed and velocity: Uniform and non-uniform motion. average speed and instantaneous velocity. unilbrmlvaccelerated motion. velocity-time, position-time graph, relations lor uniformly acceleratedmotioir- Scalars and Vectors. Vector. Addition and subtraction, , scalar and vector products. UnitVector. Resolution of a Vector. Relative Velocity. Motion in a plane, Projectile Motion. UnifbrmCircular Motion.

UNIT3: LAWS OF MOTION

Force and inertia, Newton's First law of motion: Momentum, Newton,s Second Law of motion,Impulses: Newton's Third Lar,v of motion. Law of conservation of linear momentum and itsapplications. Equilibrium of concurrent forces.Static and Kinetic flriction, larvs of friction. rolling friction.Dynamics of uniform circular motion: centripetal force and its applications: vehicle on a levelcircular road. vehicle on a banked road.

UNIT 4: WORK, BNERGY, AND POWER

Work done by a constant force and a variable force; kinetic and potential energies. work-energytheorem, power.The potential energy of spring conservation of mechanical energy. conservative and nonconservative forces; motion in a vertical circle: Elastic and inelastic collisions in one and trvodimensions.

UNIT 5 : ROTATIONAL MOTION

Centue of the mass of a two-particle system, Centre of the mass of a rigid body: Basic conceptsof rotational motion; moment of a force; torque, angular momentum, conservation of angularmomentum and its applications;The moment of inertia, the radius of gyration, values of moments of inertia forsimple geometricalobjects, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems. and their applications. Equitibrium of rigidbodies. rigid body rotation and equations ofrotational motion , comparison oflinear and rotationalmotions.

UNIT 6: GRAVITATION

The universal law of gravitation. Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude anddepth. Kepler's law oi planetary motion. Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential.Escape velocity, Motion ofa satellite, orbital velocity, time period and energy ofsatellite.

UNIT 7: PROPERTIES OF SOLIDS AND LIQUIDS

Elastic behaviour, Stress-strain relationship, Hooke's Law. Young's modulus, bulk modulus,modulus of rigidity. Pressure due to a tluid column; Pascal's law and its applications. Effect ofgravity on fluid pressure.Viscosity. Stokes' law. terminal velocity, streamline, and turbulent flow.critical velocityBemoulli's principle and its applications.Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, excess of pressure across a curved surface,application of surface tension - drops, bubbles, and capillary rise. Heat, temperature, thermalexpansion; specific heat capacity, calorimetry; change of state, latent heat. Heat tansferconduction, convection, and radiation.

UNIT 8: THERMODYNAMICS

Thermal equilibrium, zeroth law of thermodynamics, the concept of temperature. Heat, work, andintemal energy. The first law of thermodynamics, isothermal and adiabatic processes.The second law of thermodynamics: reversible and irreversible processes.

UNIT 9: KIIIETIC THEORY OF GASES

Equation of state of a perfect gas, rvork done on compressing a gas, Kinetic theory of gases -assumptions, the concept of pressure. Kinetic interpretation of temperature: RMS speed of gasmolecules: Degrees of freedom. Law of equipartition ofenergy and applications to specific heatcapacities ofgases; Mean free path. Avogadro's number.

UNIT 10: OSCILLATIONS AND WAVES

Oscillations and periodic motion - time period, frequency, displacement as a function of time.Periodic functions. Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M.) and its equation; phase: oscillations of aspring -restoring force and force constant: energy in S.H.M. - Kinetic and potential energies;Simple pendulum - derivation of expression for its time period:Wave motion. Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of travelling wave. Displacementrelation for a progressive wave. Principle ofsuperposition ofwaves, reflection ofwaves. Standingwaves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics- Beats

UNIT 11: ELECTROSTATICS

Electric charges: Conservation ofcharge. Coulomb's law forces between two point charges, forcesbetween multiple charges: superposition principle and continuous charge distribution.Electric field: Electric field due to a point charge, Electric field lines. Electric dipole, Electric fielddue to a dipole. Torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field' Electric flux' Gauss's law and its applications to find field due to infnitely long uniformly charged straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet, and uniformly charged thin spherical shell. Electric potential and its calculation for a point charge, electric dipole and system of chargesl potential diference, Equipotential surfaces, Electrical potential eneigy ofa system of two poinl charges and of electric dipole in an electrostatic field. conductors and insulators. Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitors and capacitances,, the combination ofcapacitors in series and parallel, capacitance ofa parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium bet*'een the plates. Energy stored in a capacitor.

UNIT 12: CURRENT ELECTRICITY

Electric current. Drift velocity, mobility and their relation *ith electric current.. Ohm,s law.Electrical resistance.. v-l characteristics of ohmic and non-ohmic conductors. Electrical energyand power' Electrical resistiviry and conductivity. Series and parallel combinations of resistors; Temp€rature dependence of resistance.Internal resistance, potential difference and emf of a cell, a combination of cells in series and parallel. Kirchhoffs raws and their applications. wheatstone bridge. Metre Bridge.

UNIT 13: MAGNETIC ETFECTS oF CURRENT AND MAGNETISM

Biot - Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop. Ampere,s larv and its applications to infinitely long current carrying straight wire and solenoid. Fo."e on a movingcharge in uniform magnetic and electric fields.Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. The force between two parallel currents carrying conductors-definition of ampere. Torque experienced by a current loop in auniform magnetic field: Moving coil galvanometer, its sensitivity, and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment. Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid. magnetic field lines; Magnetic fierd due to a magneric dipole (bar magnet) arong its axis and perpendicular to its axis. Torque on a magnetic dipole in a unifor- .ugn.,i" field. para-' dia- and ferromagnetic substances with examples, effect of temperu,*. on.Jgn.,ic properties.

UNIT I4: ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTI,N AND ALTERNATING .URRENTS

Electromagnetic induction: Faraday's law. Induced emf and cunent: Lenz,s Law, Eddy currents. Self and mutuar inductance. Artemating cunents, peak and RMS varue of altemating current/ voltage: reactance and impedance: LCR series ci.cuit, ,esonance: power in AC circuits, wattless current. AC generator and transformer.

UNIT 15: ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES

Displacement current. Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics, Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves, Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visibre, ultraviolet. X-rays. Gamma rays), Applications of e.m. waves.

UNIT l6: OPTICS

Reflection of light, spherical minors, morror formura. Refraction of right at prane and sphericar surfaces, thin lens formula and lens maker formura. Totar intemal reflection and its applications. . Magnification. Power of a Lens. Combination of thin lenses in contact. Refraction of light tkough a prism. Microscope and Astronomical Telescope (reflecting and refracting ) and their magnifying powers. Wave optics: wavefront and Huygens' principle. Laws ofreflection and refraction using Huygens principle. Interference, Young's double-slit experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources, and sustained interFerence of light. Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum.. Polarization, plane-polarized light: Brewster's law, uses of plane-polarized light and Polaroid.

UNIT I7: DUAL NATURE OF MATTER AND RADIATION

Dual nature of radiation. Photoelectric effect. Hertz and Lenard's observations; Einstein'sphotoelectric equation: particle nature oflight. Matter wbves-wave nature of particle, de Broglierelation..

UNIT 18: ATOMS AND NUCLEI

Alpha-particle scattering experiment; Rutherford's model of atom; Bohr model, energy levels'hydrogen spectrum. Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, Mass-energy relation, massdefect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fission, and fusion.

UNIT 19: ELECTRONIC DEVICES

Semiconductors; semiconductor diode: I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias; diode as arectifier; I-V characteristics ofLED. the photodiode, solar cell, and Zener diode; Zener diode asa voltage regulator.. Logic gates (OR. AND. NOT. NAND and NOR).

UNIT 20: EXPERIMENTAL SKILLS

Familiarity with the basic approach and observations of the experiments and activities:

1. Vemier calipers-its used to measure the internal and external diameter and depth of a vessel.

2. Screw gauge-its use to determine thickness diameter of thin sheet/wire'

3. Simple pendulum-dissipation of energy by plotting a graph between the square of amplitude and time

4. Metre Scale - the mass of a given object by the principle of moments'

5. Young's modulus of elasticity of the material of a metallic wire'

6. Surface tension of water by capillary rise and effect of detergents,

7. Co-efficient of Viscosity of a given viscous liquid by measuring terminal velocity of a given spherical body'

8. Speed of sound in air at room temperature using a resonance tube

9. Specific heat capacity of a given (i) solid and (ii) liquid by method of mixtures.

10. The resistivity of the material of a given wire using a metre bridge'

11. The resistance of a given wire using Ohm's law'

12. Resistance and figure of merit of a galvanometer by half deflection method.

13. The focal length of;

(I)   Convex mirror

(ii)  Concave mirror, and

(iii) Convex lens, using the parallax method.

14. The plot ofthe angle deviation vs angle of incidence for a triangular prism'

15. Refractive index of a glass slab using a travelling microscope.

16. characteristic cues of a p-junction diode in forward and reverse bias

17. characteristic cues of Zener diode and finding reverse breakdown voltage.

18. Identification of Di.de. LED,. Resistor. A capacitor from a mixed collection of such items

CHEMISTRY

PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY

UNIT 1: SOME BASIC CONCEPTS IN CHEMISTRY

Matter and its nature, Dalton's atomic theory: Concept of atom, molecule, element. andcompound:: Laws of chemical combination; Atomic and moleculat masses, mole concept, molarmass, percentage composition, empirical and molecular formulae: Chemical equations andstoichiometry

UNIT 2: ATOMIC STRUCTURE

Nature of electromagnetic radiation, photoelectric effect; Spectrum of the hydrogen atom. Bohrmodel ofa hydrogen atom - its postulates, derivation ofthe relations for the energy ofthe electronand radii of the different orbits, limitations of Bohr's model; Dual nature of r,latter, de Broglie'srelationship. Heisenberg uncertainty principle. Elementary ideas ofquantum mechanics, quantummechanics, the quantum mechanical model of the atom, its important features. Concept of atomicorbitals as one-electron wave functions: Variation ofY and Y2 with r for ls and 2s orbitals:variousquantum numbers (principal, angular momentum, arrd magnetic quantum numbers) and theirslgnificance; shapes of s, p, and d - orbitals, electron spin and spin quantum number: Rules forfilling electrons in orbitis - Aufbau principle. Pauli's exclusion principle and Hund's rule,electronic configuration of elements, extra stability of half-filled and completely filled orbitals'

UNIT 3: CHEMICAL BONDINC AND MOLECULAR STRUCTURE

Kossel - Lewis approach to chemical bond formation, the concept of ionic and covalent bonds'Ionic Bonding: Formation of ionic bonds, factors affecting the formation of ionic bonds;calculation of lattice enthalPY.covalent Bonding: concept of electronegativity. Fajan's rule, dipole moment: valence ShellElectronPairRepulsion(VSEPR)theoryandshapesofsimplemolecules.Quantum mechanical approach to covalent bonding: Valence bond theory - its important f'eatures.the concept of hybridization involving s, p, and d orbitals; Resonance'Molecular orbital Theory - Its important features. LCAOs, 'types of molecular orbitals(bonding, antibonding), sigma and pi-bonds, molecular orbital electronic configuralions ofhomonuclear diatomic molecules, the concept ofbond order, bond length, and bond energy'Elementaryideaofmetallicbonding.Hydrogenbondingandisapplications.

UNIT 4: CHEMICAL THERMODYNAMICS

Fundamentals of thermodynamics: system and surroundings, extensive and intensive properties'state functions, types of processes'

The first lew of thermodynamics - concept of work, heat intemal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity , molar heat capacity Hess,s law of constant heat summation ;Enthalpies of bond

dissociation, combustion' formation, atomization. sublimation. phase transition, hydration. ionization. and solution.

The second raw of thermodynamics - Spontaneity of processes: AS ofthe universe and AC of the system as criteria for spontaneity. AG" (Standard'Gibbs energy change) and equiribrium constant.

UNIT 5: SOLUTIONS

Different methods for expressing the concentration of sorution - morarity, molarity, more fraction. percentage (by volume and mass both), the vapour pressure ofsolutions and Raoult,s law - Ideal and.non-ideal solutions, vapour pressure - composition, plots for ideal and non-ideal solutions: colligative properties of dirute sorutions - a rerative lowering of vapour pressure, depression ormassfreezing point' the elevation of.boiring point anJ o.,,o,i|'p."rrr..; Determination of morecurarsignificance.using colligative properties; Abnormal uutr" or .it* mass, van,t Hoff factor and its

UNIT 6: EQUILIBRIUM

Meaning of equilibrium, the concept of dynamic equilibrium

Equilibria involving physical processes: SolidJiquid, Henry,s liquid - gas and sorid_gas equilibria, law. General characteristics of equilibria

Equilibrium constants (K, involving chemical processes: Law of chemical equilibrium, equilibrium and K") and their significance, the significance of aG -j equilibrium, oc" in chemical factors affecting requiring--rum .or."n, ration, pressure, temperature, catalyst; Le Chatelier,s the effect of principle.

Ionic equilibrium: weak. and strong electrolytes, acids and bases in-action of erectroryes, various concepts of equilibria (including 1461"nius. Brons-ted - Lorvry ira twis; and their ionization, acid-base multistage ionization) 

UNIT 7 REDOX REACTIONS And ELECTROCHEMISTRY

Electronic concepts of oxidation .xassigning oxidation reactions, oxidation number, rules for number, balancing of redo Electrolytic and metallic conduction, conductance and their in electrolytic solutions, molar conductivities variation with concentration: Kohlrausch,  and its applications. Electrochemical cells - Electrolytic and Galvanic cells, different potentials including types of electrodes, electrode standard- electrode potential;ari- cell and its measurement: cell and colour reactions, emf of a Garvanic Nemst"q, action il potential and Gibbs' energy ... change: Jaccumurator; Fuel cars.

UNIT 8: CHEMICAL KINETICS

Rate of chemical reaction, factors affecting the rate of reactions: concentration, pressure and temperature. catalyst: elementary and complex rate law, and molecularity of reactions. rate constant and its units, are  forms of zero and first-order reactions. their characteristics and half-lives, and the effect of temperature on the rate oi reactions. Arrhenius theory. activation energy and its calculation, collision theory of bimolecular gaseous reactions (no derivation)

UNIT 9: CLASSITICATION OF ELEMENTS AND PERIODICITY IN PROPERTIES

Modem periodic law and present form ofthe periodic table. s, p. d and fblock elements- periodictrends in properties of elements atomic and ionic radii. ionization enthalpy, electron gainenthalp)'. valence. oxidation states. and chemical reactivity'

UNIT I0: P- BLOCK ELEMENTS

Group -13 to GrouP 18 ElementsGeneral Introduction: Electronic configuration and general trends in physical and chemicalproperties of elements across the periods and down the groups; unique behaviour of the firstelement in each grouP.

UNIT ll: d - and f- BLOCK ELEMENTS

Transition Elements General introduction, electronic configuration, occulrence and characteristics, general trends in properties ofthe first.row transition elements - physical properties, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states. atomic radii. colour. catalytic behaviour. magnetic properties, complex formation. interstitial compounds. alloy formation: Preparation, properties,andusesofKzCrzol.and KMnOr. inner Transition Elements Lanthanoids-Electronic Configuration, oxidation states, and lanthanoid contraction. Actinoids - Electronic configuration and oxidation states

UNIT l2: CO-ORDINATION COMPOUNDS

Introductiontocoordinationcompounds.Wemer, theory; ligands, coordination number. denticity. chelation; IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds' isomerism: Bonding.ValencebondapproachandbasicideasofCrystaltieldtheory,colourandmagneticproperties; lmportance of oico-ordination compounds (in qualitative analysis. extraction of metalsand in biological sYstems)'

UNIT 13: PURIFICATION AND CHARACTERISATION OF ORGANIC COMPOIJNDS

Purification - Crystallization. sublimarion'chromatography - principles and their applications'distillation, differential extraction, and qualitative analysis - Detection of nitrogen, sulphur' phosphorus' and halogens 

Quantitative analysis (basic principles only) - Estimation of carbon. hydrogen. nitrogen. halogens. sulphur. phosphorus. calculations of empirical formulae and molecular formulae: Numerical oroblems in organic quantitative analysis,sis.

UNIT I4:SOME BASIC PRINCIPLES OF oRGANIC CHEMISTRY

Tetra\ralency of carbon: Shapes of simple morecules - hybridization (s and p): crassification of organic compounds based on f,nctional groups: and those containing haloge( o*yg"n. nit.og"n. and sulphur; Homorogous series: Isomerism - structural and stereoisomers. 

Nomenclature (Trivial and IUpAC) Col'aient bond fission - Homolytic and heterolytic: free radicals. carbocations. and carbanions: stability ofcarbocations and free radicals. electiophires. una nr.t.opiir... "- " *. Electronic displacement in a covalent bond - Inductive efl'ect, electromeric efl.ect. resonance. and hyperconjugation. Common types of organic reactions- Substitution. addition. eliminatioir, and rearranqement.

UNITS 15: HYDROCARBONS

Classification isomerism. IUPAC nomenclature, general methods of preparation, properties, and reactions.Alkanes - Conformations: Sawhorse and Newmanhalogenation of alkanes.projections (of ethane): Mechanism oiAlkenes - Geometrical isomerism: Mechanism of electrophilic addition: addition of hydrogen. halogens, water. hydrogen halides (Markownikoffs and peroxideOronofysisand poll merization.Polymerization.Alkynes - Acidic character: Addition of hydrogen. halogens. water. and hydrogen halides:electrophilicAromatic hydrocarbons - Nomenclature. benzene - structure and aromaticity, Mechanism of substitution: halogenation, nitration.Friedelcraft's alkylation and acylation, directive influence of the functional group in mono-substituted benzene.

UNIT l6: ORGANIC COMPOUNDS CONTAINING HALOGENS

General methods of preparation, properties, and reactions; Nature of C_X bond: Mechanisms of reactions.Uses; Environmental effects of chloroform, iodoform lions, and DDT

UNIT 17: ORGANIC COMPOUNDS CONTAINING OXYGEN

General methods of preparation, properties, reactions, and uses.

ALCOHOLS, PIIENOLS, and Ethers 

Alcohols: Identification of primary, secondary, and tertiary alcohols: mechanism of dehydration. Phenols: Acidic nature, electrophilic substitution reactions: halogenation. nitration and sulphonation. Reimer - Tiemann reaction. Ethers: Structure. Aldehyde and Ketones: Nature of carbonyl group; Nucleophilic addition to >c:o group' relative reactivities of aldehydes and ketones; Important reactions such as - Nucleophilic addition reactions (addition of HCN. NH. and its derivatives), Grignard reagent; oxidation: reduction (wolf Kishner and Clemmensen); the acidity of cr.-hydrogen. aldol condensatiorl canniz.zero reaction. Haloform reaction, Chemical tests to distinguish between aldehydes and Ketones' CarboxYlic Acids' Acidic strength and factors affecting it

UNIT I8: ORGANIC COMPOUNDS CONTAINING NITROGEN

General methods ofpreparation. Properties, reactions, and uses'Amines: Nomenclature, classification structure, basic character, and identification ofprimary, secondary, and tertiary amines and their basic character'Diazonium Salts: Importance in synthetic organic chemistry'

UNIT 19: BIOMOLECULES

General introduction and importance olbiomolecules'CARBOHYDRATES - classitication; aldoses and ketoses: monosaccharides (glucose andfructose) and constituent monosaccharides of oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, and maltose)'PRoTEINS.ElementaryIdeaofo.anrinoacids,peptidebond,polypeptides.Proteins:primary.secondary, tertiary, and quatemary structure (qualitative i<Iea only), denaturation of proteins'enzymes.VITAMINS - Classillcation and functions'NUCLEIC ACIDS - Chemical constitution of DNA and RNA'Biological functions of nucleic acids'Hormones (General introduction)

UNIT 20: PRINCIPLES RELATED TO PRACTICAI, CHEMISTRY

Detectionofextraelements(Nilrogen,sulphur,halogens)inorganiccompounds;Detectionofthe following functional g.oup., hydro*yi ialcoholic and phenolic), carbonyl (aldehyde andketones) carboxyl, and amino groups in organic cotnpounds'o The chemistry involved in the preparation ofthe following:Inoiganic compounds: Mohr's salt. potash alum'Organic compounds: Acetanilide. p-r'itro acetanilide' aniline yellor'r" iodoform' ' The chemistry involved in the titrimetric exercises - Acids. bases and the use of indicators. oxalicacid vs KMnO+. Mohr's salt vs KMnO.r r Chemical principles involved in the qualitative salt analysis: cations - pb2+. cu2+. Alr*, Fe3*. zn2r, Ni2*, c02*, Ba2*, Mg2-. NHi Anions- COj-, SL.SO|-. \o3'. No2-, CI-, Br-. I-( Insoluble salts excluded). Chemical principles involved in the follorving experiments: l. Enthalpy of solution of CuSO,r 2. Enthalpy of neutralization ofsrrong acid and strong base. 3. Preparation oflyophilic and lyophobic sols. 4. Kineric study of the reaction oriodide ions with hydrogen peroxide at room temDerature.

MATHEMATICS

images (11).jpg

UNIT 1: SETS, RELATIONS, AND FUNCTIONS:

Sets and their representation: Union, intersection, and complement of sets and their algebraic properties; Power set; Relation, Type of relations, equivalence relations, functions; one-one,into and onto functions, the composition of functions.

UNIT 2: COMPLEX NUMBERS AND QUADRATIC EQUATIONS:

Complex numbers as ordered pairs of reals, Representation of complex numbers in the form a+ ib and their representation in a plane, Argand diagram, algebra of complex number, modulus, and argument (or amplitude) of a complex number, Quadratic equations in real and complex number system and their solutions Relations between roots and co-efficient, nature of roots,the formation of quadratic equations with given roots.

UNIT3: MATRICES AND DETERMINANTS:

Matrices, algebra of matrices, type of matrices, determinants, and matrices of order two andthree, evaluation of determinants, area of triangles using determinants, Adjoint, and evaluationof inverse of a square matrix using determinants and, Test of consistency and solution ofsimultaneous linear equations in two or three variables using matrices

UNIT 4: PERMUTATIONS AND COMBINATIONS:

The fundamental principle of counting, permutation as an arrangement and combination assection, Meaning of P (n,r) and C (n,r), simple applications.

UNIT 5: BINOMIAL THEOREM AND ITS SIMPLE APPLICATIONS:

Binomial theorem for a positive integral index, general term and middle term, and simpleapplications

UNIT 6: SEQUENCE AND SERIES:

Arithmetic and Geometric progressions, insertion of arithmetic, geometric means between twogiven numbers, Relation between A.M and G.M.

UNIT 7: LIMIT, CONTINUITY, AND DIFFERENTIABILITY:

Real–valued functions, algebra of functions, polynomials, rational, trigonometric, logarithmic,and exponential functions, inverse function. Graphs of simple functions. Limits, continuity,and differentiability. Differentiation of the sum, difference, product, and quotient of twofunctions. Differentiation of trigonometric, inverse trigonometric, logarithmic, exponential,composite, and implicit functions; derivatives of order up to two, Applications of derivatives:Rate of change of quantities, monotonic-Increasing and decreasing functions, Maxima andminima of functions of one variable,

UNIT 8: INTEGRAL CALCULAS:

image.png

UNIT 9: DIFFRENTIAL EQUATIONS

image.png

UNIT 10: CO-ORDINATE GEOMETRY

image.png

UNIT 11: THREE DIMENSIONAL GEOMETRY

image.png

UNIT 12: VECTOR ALGEBRA

image.png

UNIT 13: STATISTICS AND PROBABILITY

image.png

UNIT 14: TRIGONOMETRY

image.png
bottom of page